This atlas forms a second investigation into the city of Naples and can be seen as complementary to the first atlas. The research on Naples is divided into two parts. In part one, the different historical layers of Naples are investigated. The aim is to connect the morphology of the city to its architecture. An overview of the major influential political, religious and topographical factors throughout history is given, by zooming in on some particular fragments that reflect the characteristics of a certain time period. Naples has a 2500-year history of destruction, reconstruction, innovation and transformation. Part two of the atlas attempts to link these transformations to each other through a number of case studies of religious buildings within their context. Each case shows us the different historical layers of a fragment and an analysis is made to characterize the different elements within the chosen cases.